Business Analysis Key Concepts
- Domains are an area undergoing analysis
- A solution is a set of changes to the current state of an organization that are made in order to enable the organization to meet a business need, solve a problem, or take advantage of an opportunity.
- Examples of solutions and solution components include software applications, web services, business processes, the business rules that govern that process, an information technology application, a revised organizational structure, outsourcing, insourcing, redefining job roles, or any other method of creating a capability needed by an organization.
- Business analysis helps organization define the optimal solution for their needs, given the set of constraints (including time, budget, regulations, and others) under which that organization operates.
- Condition or capability needed by a stakeholder to solve a problem or achieve an objective.
- A condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a solution or solution component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formally imposed documents.
- One of the key objectives of business analysis is to ensure that requirements are visible to and understood by all stakeholders.
- A requirement may describe the current of future state of any aspect of the enterprise.
- Requirements Classification Scheme
- Business Requirements
- Higher level statements of the goals, objectives, or needs of the enterprise.
- Describe why a project has been initiated, the objectives the project will achieve, and the metrics that will be used to measure its success.
- They are developed and defined through enterprise analysis.
- Stakeholder Requirements
- Statements of the needs of a particular stakeholder or class of stakeholders.
- They describe the needs that a given stakeholder has and how that stakeholder will interact with the solution.
- Stakeholder requirements serve as a bridge between business requirements and the various classes of solution requirements.
- They are developed and refined through requirements analysis.
- Solution Requirements
- Describe the characteristics of a solution that meet business requirements and stakeholder requirements.
- They are developed and defined through requirements analysis.
- They are frequently divided into sub-categories:
- Functional Requirements
- Describe the behavior and information that the solution will manage
- Describe the capabilities the solution will be able to perform in terms of behavior or operations
- Non-functional requirements
- Capture conditions that do not directly relate to the behavior or functionality of the solution, but rather describe environmental conditions under which the solution must remain effective.
- Also knows as quality or supplementary requirements
- Often include requirements related to capacity, speed, security, availability, and the information architecture and presentation of the user interface.
- Functional Requirements
- Transition Requirements
- Describe capabilities that the solution must have in order to facilitate transition from the current state of the enterprise to a desired future state, but that will not be needed once that transition is complete.
- They are differentiated because they are always temporary and cannot be developed until both an existing and new solution are defined.
- They typically cover data conversion from existing systems, skill gaps that must be addressed, and other related changes to reach the desired future state.
- They are developed through solution assessment and validation.
Categories: Business Analysis